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Jul 05

Judas

Mat 27:3

Then when Judas, his betrayer, saw that Jesus was condemned, he changed his mind and brought back the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and the elders,

 

Judas

  • Experience
    • Triumphs over Satan
      • Mat 10:1-4  And he called to him his twelve disciples and gave them authority over unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to heal every disease and every affliction.  2The names of the twelve apostles are these: first, Simon, who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother; James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother;  3Philip and Bartholomew; Thomas and Matthew the tax collector; James the son of Alphaeus, and Thaddaeus;  4Simon the Cananaean, and Judas Iscariot, who betrayed him.
      • Luke 10:1, 17 – After this the Lord appointed seventy-two others and sent them on ahead of him, two by two, into every town and place where he himself was about to go … The seventy-two returned with joy, saying, “Lord, even the demons are subject to us in your name!”
    • Proclaiming the Kingdom of Heaven
      • Mat 10:2-10  The names of the twelve apostles are these: first, Simon, who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother; James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother;  3Philip and Bartholomew; Thomas and Matthew the tax collector; James the son of Alphaeus, and Thaddaeus;  4Simon the Cananaean, and Judas Iscariot, who betrayed him.  5These twelve Jesus sent out, instructing them, “Go nowhere among the Gentiles and enter no town of the Samaritans,  6but go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel.  7And proclaim as you go, saying, ‘The kingdom of heaven is at hand.’  8Heal the sick, raise the dead, cleanse lepers, cast out demons. You received without paying; give without pay9Acquire no gold nor silver nor copper for your belts,  10no bag for your journey, nor two tunics nor sandals nor a staff, for the laborer deserves his food.
  • Understanding of Jesus
    • Did not understand his predictions of his death
      • Mat 16:21-23  From that time Jesus began to show his disciples that he must go to Jerusalem and suffer many things from the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and on the third day be raised.  22And Peter took him aside and began to rebuke him, saying, “Far be it from you, Lord! This shall never happen to you.”  23But he turned and said to Peter, “Get behind me, Satan! You are a hindrance to me. For you are not setting your mind on the things of God, but on the things of man.”
      • Mar 9:31-32  for he was teaching his disciples, saying to them, “The Son of Man is going to be delivered into the hands of men, and they will kill him. And when he is killed, after three days he will rise.”  32But they did not understand the saying, and were afraid to ask him.
      • Mat 20:17-19  And as Jesus was going up to Jerusalem, he took the twelve disciples aside, and on the way he said to them,  18“See, we are going up to Jerusalem. And the Son of Man will be delivered over to the chief priests and scribes, and they will condemn him to death  19and deliver him over to the Gentiles to be mocked and flogged and crucified, and he will be raised on the third day.”
  • Personality

 

 

Condemned –

  • English definitions
  1. to express an unfavorable or adverse judgment on; indicate strong disapproval of; censure.
  2. to pronounce to be guilty; sentence to punishment: to condemn a murderer to life imprisonment.
  3. to give grounds or reason for convicting or censuring: His acts condemn him.
  4. to judge or pronounce to be unfit for use or service: to condemn an old building.
  • Synonyms
    • adjudge, belittle, blow whistle on, call down, castigate, censure, chide, come down on, criticize, damn, decry, denounce, denunciate, deprecate, depreciate, disapprove, disparage, doom, find fault with, find guilty, frame, hang something on, judge, knock, lay at one’s door, let have it, name, pass sentence on, pin it on, point finger at, pronounce, proscribe, punish, put away, put down, reprehend, reproach, reprobate, reprove, send up, send up the river, sentence, skin, thumbs down on, upbraid
  • Antonyms
    •  absolve, acquit, approve, clear, discharge, exonerate, free, pardon, release, set free
  • There are many extents to which one can be condemned.  Some are sentenced (condemned) to jail sentences of various lengths, some to community service, monetary fines, some even to death.  In the context of Matt 27:3, Judas saw that Jesus was condemned (sentenced) to death.

 

Changed his mind (ESV)

  • Translated as:
    • Repented himself (ASV, KJV)
    • Felt  remorse (NASB)
    • Seized with remorse (NIV)
  • Repentance

 

Chief priests and the elders

  • Both held great influence over the people.
    • Priests: an order established by God as ministers unto himself and his people.  It was to the priest that the people brought their offerings and sacrifices.
    • Elders: a society position that had existed since Moses led the people in the wilderness.  In the pre-monarchial period, the elders wore many hats and performed many services for the people.  They were active participants in the sacrificing of sin offerings on the behalf of the people (Lev 4:15) and were officers of the people who shared the burden of leading the people (Num 11:16-17).  The elders were the “judges” who sat “in the gate,” the traditional courtroom of ancient villages and towns.  It was there before the elders that parents brought their unruly children (Deut 21:18-21), matrimonial disputes were settled (22:13-18; 25:6-9) and pleas for asylum were heard (Josh 20:4).  They were responsible for the extradition of murders (Deut 19:12), conducting inquests (21:1-4), and along with the priests, were charged by Moses to read the written law aloud to the people (Deut 31:9-13).  During the monarchial period, the elders continued to exercise consider-able influence among the people.  In 1 Samuel 8:4-6 we see that it was the elders who pressed Samuel for the appointment of a king to rule the nation of Israel.  The elders anointing of King David (2 Sam 5:3) served as his official coronation as the reigning king over all of Israel.  The role of the elder was a staple in the lives of the Israelites in the periods that followed the monarchial period.  They were present during the exile, after the return, through the intertestament period, and into the New Testament.
  • Not opposed to blood
    • It was the chief priests and elders who persuaded the Passover crowd to ask for Barabbas and to destroy Jesus (27:20).  They also put to death the first Christian martyr, Stephen.

 

 

Mat 27:4

saying, “I have sinned by betraying innocent blood.” They said, “What is that to us? See to it yourself.”

 

Return to the conspirators –

  • Admission of Guilt –
    • Confession of what he did wrong
    • Acknowledgement of Jesus’ character

 

 

Mat 27:5

And throwing down the pieces of silver into the temple, he departed, and he went and hanged himself.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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